java.util
Interface Map<K,V>

All Known Subinterfaces:
ConcurrentMap sample code for java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentMap definition code for java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentMap <K,V>, SortedMap sample code for java.util.SortedMap definition code for java.util.SortedMap <K,V>
All Known Implementing Classes:
AbstractMap sample code for java.util.AbstractMap definition code for java.util.AbstractMap , Attributes sample code for java.util.jar.Attributes definition code for java.util.jar.Attributes , AuthProvider sample code for java.security.AuthProvider definition code for java.security.AuthProvider , ConcurrentHashMap sample code for java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap definition code for java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap , EnumMap sample code for java.util.EnumMap definition code for java.util.EnumMap , HashMap sample code for java.util.HashMap definition code for java.util.HashMap , Hashtable sample code for java.util.Hashtable definition code for java.util.Hashtable , IdentityHashMap sample code for java.util.IdentityHashMap definition code for java.util.IdentityHashMap , LinkedHashMap sample code for java.util.LinkedHashMap definition code for java.util.LinkedHashMap , PrinterStateReasons sample code for javax.print.attribute.standard.PrinterStateReasons definition code for javax.print.attribute.standard.PrinterStateReasons , Properties sample code for java.util.Properties definition code for java.util.Properties , Provider sample code for java.security.Provider definition code for java.security.Provider , RenderingHints sample code for java.awt.RenderingHints definition code for java.awt.RenderingHints , TabularDataSupport sample code for javax.management.openmbean.TabularDataSupport definition code for javax.management.openmbean.TabularDataSupport , TreeMap sample code for java.util.TreeMap definition code for java.util.TreeMap , UIDefaults sample code for javax.swing.UIDefaults definition code for javax.swing.UIDefaults , WeakHashMap sample code for java.util.WeakHashMap definition code for java.util.WeakHashMap

public interface Map<K,V>

An object that maps keys to values. A map cannot contain duplicate keys; each key can map to at most one value.

This interface takes the place of the Dictionary class, which was a totally abstract class rather than an interface.

The Map interface provides three collection views, which allow a map's contents to be viewed as a set of keys, collection of values, or set of key-value mappings. The order of a map is defined as the order in which the iterators on the map's collection views return their elements. Some map implementations, like the TreeMap class, make specific guarantees as to their order; others, like the HashMap class, do not.

Note: great care must be exercised if mutable objects are used as map keys. The behavior of a map is not specified if the value of an object is changed in a manner that affects equals comparisons while the object is a key in the map. A special case of this prohibition is that it is not permissible for a map to contain itself as a key. While it is permissible for a map to contain itself as a value, extreme caution is advised: the equals and hashCode methods are no longer well defined on a such a map.

All general-purpose map implementation classes should provide two "standard" constructors: a void (no arguments) constructor which creates an empty map, and a constructor with a single argument of type Map, which creates a new map with the same key-value mappings as its argument. In effect, the latter constructor allows the user to copy any map, producing an equivalent map of the desired class. There is no way to enforce this recommendation (as interfaces cannot contain constructors) but all of the general-purpose map implementations in the JDK comply.

The "destructive" methods contained in this interface, that is, the methods that modify the map on which they operate, are specified to throw UnsupportedOperationException if this map does not support the operation. If this is the case, these methods may, but are not required to, throw an UnsupportedOperationException if the invocation would have no effect on the map. For example, invoking the putAll(Map) sample code for java.util.Map.putAll(java.util.Map) definition code for java.util.Map.putAll(java.util.Map) method on an unmodifiable map may, but is not required to, throw the exception if the map whose mappings are to be "superimposed" is empty.

Some map implementations have restrictions on the keys and values they may contain. For example, some implementations prohibit null keys and values, and some have restrictions on the types of their keys. Attempting to insert an ineligible key or value throws an unchecked exception, typically NullPointerException or ClassCastException. Attempting to query the presence of an ineligible key or value may throw an exception, or it may simply return false; some implementations will exhibit the former behavior and some will exhibit the latter. More generally, attempting an operation on an ineligible key or value whose completion would not result in the insertion of an ineligible element into the map may throw an exception or it may succeed, at the option of the implementation. Such exceptions are marked as "optional" in the specification for this interface.

This interface is a member of the Java Collections Framework.

Many methods in Collections Framework interfaces are defined in terms of the equals sample code for java.lang.Object.equals(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.lang.Object.equals(java.lang.Object) method. For example, the specification for the contains(Object key) sample code for java.util.Map.containsKey(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.util.Map.containsKey(java.lang.Object) method says: "returns true if and only if this map contain a mapping for a key k such that (key==null ? k==null : key.equals(k))." This specification should not be construed to imply that invoking Map.containsKey with a non-null argument key will cause key.equals(k) to be invoked for any key k. Implementations are free to implement optimizations whereby the equals invocation is avoided, for example, by first comparing the hash codes of the two keys. (The Object.hashCode() sample code for java.lang.Object.hashCode() definition code for java.lang.Object.hashCode() specification guarantees that two objects with unequal hash codes cannot be equal.) More generally, implementations of the various Collections Framework interfaces are free to take advantage of the specified behavior of underlying Object sample code for java.lang.Object definition code for java.lang.Object methods wherever the implementor deems it appropriate.

Since:
1.2
See Also:
HashMap sample code for java.util.HashMap definition code for java.util.HashMap , TreeMap sample code for java.util.TreeMap definition code for java.util.TreeMap , Hashtable sample code for java.util.Hashtable definition code for java.util.Hashtable , SortedMap sample code for java.util.SortedMap definition code for java.util.SortedMap , Collection sample code for java.util.Collection definition code for java.util.Collection , Set sample code for java.util.Set definition code for java.util.Set

Nested Class Summary
static interface Map.Entry sample code for java.util.Map.Entry definition code for java.util.Map.Entry <K,V>
          A map entry (key-value pair).
 
Method Summary
 void clear sample code for java.util.Map.clear() definition code for java.util.Map.clear() ()
          Removes all mappings from this map (optional operation).
 boolean containsKey sample code for java.util.Map.containsKey(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.util.Map.containsKey(java.lang.Object) (Object sample code for java.lang.Object definition code for java.lang.Object  key)
          Returns true if this map contains a mapping for the specified key.
 boolean containsValue sample code for java.util.Map.containsValue(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.util.Map.containsValue(java.lang.Object) (Object sample code for java.lang.Object definition code for java.lang.Object  value)
          Returns true if this map maps one or more keys to the specified value.
 Set sample code for java.util.Set definition code for java.util.Set <Map.Entry sample code for java.util.Map.Entry definition code for java.util.Map.Entry <K,V>> entrySet sample code for java.util.Map.entrySet() definition code for java.util.Map.entrySet() ()
          Returns a set view of the mappings contained in this map.
 boolean equals sample code for java.util.Map.equals(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.util.Map.equals(java.lang.Object) (Object sample code for java.lang.Object definition code for java.lang.Object  o)
          Compares the specified object with this map for equality.
 V get sample code for java.util.Map.get(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.util.Map.get(java.lang.Object) (Object sample code for java.lang.Object definition code for java.lang.Object  key)
          Returns the value to which this map maps the specified key.
 int hashCode sample code for java.util.Map.hashCode() definition code for java.util.Map.hashCode() ()
          Returns the hash code value for this map.
 boolean isEmpty sample code for java.util.Map.isEmpty() definition code for java.util.Map.isEmpty() ()
          Returns true if this map contains no key-value mappings.
 Set sample code for java.util.Set definition code for java.util.Set <K> keySet sample code for java.util.Map.keySet() definition code for java.util.Map.keySet() ()
          Returns a set view of the keys contained in this map.
 V put sample code for java.util.Map.put(K, V) definition code for java.util.Map.put(K, V) (K key, V value)
          Associates the specified value with the specified key in this map (optional operation).
 void putAll sample code for java.util.Map.putAll(java.util.Map) definition code for java.util.Map.putAll(java.util.Map) (Map sample code for java.util.Map definition code for java.util.Map <? extends K,? extends V> t)
          Copies all of the mappings from the specified map to this map (optional operation).
 V remove sample code for java.util.Map.remove(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.util.Map.remove(java.lang.Object) (Object sample code for java.lang.Object definition code for java.lang.Object  key)
          Removes the mapping for this key from this map if it is present (optional operation).
 int size sample code for java.util.Map.size() definition code for java.util.Map.size() ()
          Returns the number of key-value mappings in this map.
 Collection sample code for java.util.Collection definition code for java.util.Collection <V> values sample code for java.util.Map.values() definition code for java.util.Map.values() ()
          Returns a collection view of the values contained in this map.
 

Method Detail

size sample code for java.util.Map.size() definition code for java.util.Map.size()

int size()
Returns the number of key-value mappings in this map. If the map contains more than Integer.MAX_VALUE elements, returns Integer.MAX_VALUE.

Returns:
the number of key-value mappings in this map.

isEmpty sample code for java.util.Map.isEmpty() definition code for java.util.Map.isEmpty()

boolean isEmpty()
Returns true if this map contains no key-value mappings.

Returns:
true if this map contains no key-value mappings.

containsKey sample code for java.util.Map.containsKey(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.util.Map.containsKey(java.lang.Object)

boolean containsKey(Object sample code for java.lang.Object definition code for java.lang.Object  key)
Returns true if this map contains a mapping for the specified key. More formally, returns true if and only if this map contains a mapping for a key k such that (key==null ? k==null : key.equals(k)). (There can be at most one such mapping.)

Parameters:
key - key whose presence in this map is to be tested.
Returns:
true if this map contains a mapping for the specified key.
Throws:
ClassCastException sample code for java.lang.ClassCastException definition code for java.lang.ClassCastException - if the key is of an inappropriate type for this map (optional).
NullPointerException sample code for java.lang.NullPointerException definition code for java.lang.NullPointerException - if the key is null and this map does not permit null keys (optional).

containsValue sample code for java.util.Map.containsValue(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.util.Map.containsValue(java.lang.Object)

boolean containsValue(Object sample code for java.lang.Object definition code for java.lang.Object  value)
Returns true if this map maps one or more keys to the specified value. More formally, returns true if and only if this map contains at least one mapping to a value v such that (value==null ? v==null : value.equals(v)). This operation will probably require time linear in the map size for most implementations of the Map interface.

Parameters:
value - value whose presence in this map is to be tested.
Returns:
true if this map maps one or more keys to the specified value.
Throws:
ClassCastException sample code for java.lang.ClassCastException definition code for java.lang.ClassCastException - if the value is of an inappropriate type for this map (optional).
NullPointerException sample code for java.lang.NullPointerException definition code for java.lang.NullPointerException - if the value is null and this map does not permit null values (optional).

get sample code for java.util.Map.get(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.util.Map.get(java.lang.Object)

V get(Object sample code for java.lang.Object definition code for java.lang.Object  key)
Returns the value to which this map maps the specified key. Returns null if the map contains no mapping for this key. A return value of null does not necessarily indicate that the map contains no mapping for the key; it's also possible that the map explicitly maps the key to null. The containsKey operation may be used to distinguish these two cases.

More formally, if this map contains a mapping from a key k to a value v such that (key==null ? k==null : key.equals(k)), then this method returns v; otherwise it returns null. (There can be at most one such mapping.)

Parameters:
key - key whose associated value is to be returned.
Returns:
the value to which this map maps the specified key, or null if the map contains no mapping for this key.
Throws:
ClassCastException sample code for java.lang.ClassCastException definition code for java.lang.ClassCastException - if the key is of an inappropriate type for this map (optional).
NullPointerException sample code for java.lang.NullPointerException definition code for java.lang.NullPointerException - if the key is null and this map does not permit null keys (optional).
See Also:
containsKey(Object) sample code for java.util.Map.containsKey(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.util.Map.containsKey(java.lang.Object)

put sample code for java.util.Map.put(K, V) definition code for java.util.Map.put(K, V)

V put(K key,
      V value)
Associates the specified value with the specified key in this map (optional operation). If the map previously contained a mapping for this key, the old value is replaced by the specified value. (A map m is said to contain a mapping for a key k if and only if m.containsKey(k) sample code for java.util.Map.containsKey(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.util.Map.containsKey(java.lang.Object) would return true.))

Parameters:
key - key with which the specified value is to be associated.
value - value to be associated with the specified key.
Returns:
previous value associated with specified key, or null if there was no mapping for key. A null return can also indicate that the map previously associated null with the specified key, if the implementation supports null values.
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException sample code for java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException definition code for java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException - if the put operation is not supported by this map.
ClassCastException sample code for java.lang.ClassCastException definition code for java.lang.ClassCastException - if the class of the specified key or value prevents it from being stored in this map.
IllegalArgumentException sample code for java.lang.IllegalArgumentException definition code for java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if some aspect of this key or value prevents it from being stored in this map.
NullPointerException sample code for java.lang.NullPointerException definition code for java.lang.NullPointerException - if this map does not permit null keys or values, and the specified key or value is null.

remove sample code for java.util.Map.remove(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.util.Map.remove(java.lang.Object)

V remove(Object sample code for java.lang.Object definition code for java.lang.Object  key)
Removes the mapping for this key from this map if it is present (optional operation). More formally, if this map contains a mapping from key k to value v such that (key==null ? k==null : key.equals(k)), that mapping is removed. (The map can contain at most one such mapping.)

Returns the value to which the map previously associated the key, or null if the map contained no mapping for this key. (A null return can also indicate that the map previously associated null with the specified key if the implementation supports null values.) The map will not contain a mapping for the specified key once the call returns.

Parameters:
key - key whose mapping is to be removed from the map.
Returns:
previous value associated with specified key, or null if there was no mapping for key.
Throws:
ClassCastException sample code for java.lang.ClassCastException definition code for java.lang.ClassCastException - if the key is of an inappropriate type for this map (optional).
NullPointerException sample code for java.lang.NullPointerException definition code for java.lang.NullPointerException - if the key is null and this map does not permit null keys (optional).
UnsupportedOperationException sample code for java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException definition code for java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException - if the remove method is not supported by this map.

putAll sample code for java.util.Map.putAll(java.util.Map<? extends K, ? extends V>) definition code for java.util.Map.putAll(java.util.Map<? extends K, ? extends V>)

void putAll(Map sample code for java.util.Map definition code for java.util.Map <? extends K,? extends V> t)
Copies all of the mappings from the specified map to this map (optional operation). The effect of this call is equivalent to that of calling put(k, v) sample code for java.util.Map.put(K, V) definition code for java.util.Map.put(K, V) on this map once for each mapping from key k to value v in the specified map. The behavior of this operation is unspecified if the specified map is modified while the operation is in progress.

Parameters:
t - Mappings to be stored in this map.
Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException sample code for java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException definition code for java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException - if the putAll method is not supported by this map.
ClassCastException sample code for java.lang.ClassCastException definition code for java.lang.ClassCastException - if the class of a key or value in the specified map prevents it from being stored in this map.
IllegalArgumentException sample code for java.lang.IllegalArgumentException definition code for java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - some aspect of a key or value in the specified map prevents it from being stored in this map.
NullPointerException sample code for java.lang.NullPointerException definition code for java.lang.NullPointerException - if the specified map is null, or if this map does not permit null keys or values, and the specified map contains null keys or values.

clear sample code for java.util.Map.clear() definition code for java.util.Map.clear()

void clear()
Removes all mappings from this map (optional operation).

Throws:
UnsupportedOperationException sample code for java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException definition code for java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException - clear is not supported by this map.

keySet sample code for java.util.Map.keySet() definition code for java.util.Map.keySet()

Set sample code for java.util.Set definition code for java.util.Set <K> keySet()
Returns a set view of the keys contained in this map. The set is backed by the map, so changes to the map are reflected in the set, and vice-versa. If the map is modified while an iteration over the set is in progress (except through the iterator's own remove operation), the results of the iteration are undefined. The set supports element removal, which removes the corresponding mapping from the map, via the Iterator.remove, Set.remove, removeAll retainAll, and clear operations. It does not support the add or addAll operations.

Returns:
a set view of the keys contained in this map.

values sample code for java.util.Map.values() definition code for java.util.Map.values()

Collection sample code for java.util.Collection definition code for java.util.Collection <V> values()
Returns a collection view of the values contained in this map. The collection is backed by the map, so changes to the map are reflected in the collection, and vice-versa. If the map is modified while an iteration over the collection is in progress (except through the iterator's own remove operation), the results of the iteration are undefined. The collection supports element removal, which removes the corresponding mapping from the map, via the Iterator.remove, Collection.remove, removeAll, retainAll and clear operations. It does not support the add or addAll operations.

Returns:
a collection view of the values contained in this map.

entrySet sample code for java.util.Map.entrySet() definition code for java.util.Map.entrySet()

Set sample code for java.util.Set definition code for java.util.Set <Map.Entry sample code for java.util.Map.Entry definition code for java.util.Map.Entry <K,V>> entrySet()
Returns a set view of the mappings contained in this map. Each element in the returned set is a Map.Entry sample code for java.util.Map.Entry definition code for java.util.Map.Entry . The set is backed by the map, so changes to the map are reflected in the set, and vice-versa. If the map is modified while an iteration over the set is in progress (except through the iterator's own remove operation, or through the setValue operation on a map entry returned by the iterator) the results of the iteration are undefined. The set supports element removal, which removes the corresponding mapping from the map, via the Iterator.remove, Set.remove, removeAll, retainAll and clear operations. It does not support the add or addAll operations.

Returns:
a set view of the mappings contained in this map.

equals sample code for java.util.Map.equals(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.util.Map.equals(java.lang.Object)

boolean equals(Object sample code for java.lang.Object definition code for java.lang.Object  o)
Compares the specified object with this map for equality. Returns true if the given object is also a map and the two Maps represent the same mappings. More formally, two maps t1 and t2 represent the same mappings if t1.entrySet().equals(t2.entrySet()). This ensures that the equals method works properly across different implementations of the Map interface.

Overrides:
equals sample code for java.lang.Object.equals(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.lang.Object.equals(java.lang.Object) in class Object sample code for java.lang.Object definition code for java.lang.Object
Parameters:
o - object to be compared for equality with this map.
Returns:
true if the specified object is equal to this map.
See Also:
Object.hashCode() sample code for java.lang.Object.hashCode() definition code for java.lang.Object.hashCode() , Hashtable sample code for java.util.Hashtable definition code for java.util.Hashtable

hashCode sample code for java.util.Map.hashCode() definition code for java.util.Map.hashCode()

int hashCode()
Returns the hash code value for this map. The hash code of a map is defined to be the sum of the hashCodes of each entry in the map's entrySet view. This ensures that t1.equals(t2) implies that t1.hashCode()==t2.hashCode() for any two maps t1 and t2, as required by the general contract of Object.hashCode.

Overrides:
hashCode sample code for java.lang.Object.hashCode() definition code for java.lang.Object.hashCode() in class Object sample code for java.lang.Object definition code for java.lang.Object
Returns:
the hash code value for this map.
See Also:
Map.Entry.hashCode() sample code for java.util.Map.Entry.hashCode() definition code for java.util.Map.Entry.hashCode() , Object.hashCode() sample code for java.lang.Object.hashCode() definition code for java.lang.Object.hashCode() , Object.equals(Object) sample code for java.lang.Object.equals(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.lang.Object.equals(java.lang.Object) , equals(Object) sample code for java.util.Map.equals(java.lang.Object) definition code for java.util.Map.equals(java.lang.Object)